What is a Mental Disorder?

A mental disorder, often known as a mental illness or psychiatric problem, is a behavioral or mental pattern that significantly impairs one's ability to function or causes considerable distress. These characteristics may be ongoing, relapsing, or only present during specific episodes. There are numerous illnesses that have been described, and the indications and symptoms of each differ greatly. A mental health expert, typically a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist, may diagnose such conditions. 

Mental disorders frequently have unknown causes. Findings from a variety of domains may be incorporated into theories. Mental disorders are typically identified by a person's behavior, feelings, perceptions, or thoughts. This may be connected to specific brain areas or activities, frequently in a social context. One element of mental health is a mental disorder. When developing a diagnosis, societal norms, cultural and religious beliefs, and practices should all be taken into consideration.